is any disease process involving one or more of the valves of the heart
- Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart defect with four abnormalities, one of which is stenosis of the pulmonary valve.
- Ebstein’s anomaly is an abnormality of the tricuspid valve
- Rheumatic fever was in the past a common cause of valvular heart disease (referred to as “rheumatic heart disease”).
- Inflammation of the heart valves due to any cause is called endocarditis; this is usually due to bacterial infection but may also be due to cancer (marantic endocarditis), certain autoimmune conditions (Libman-Sacks endocarditis) and hypereosinophilic syndrome (Loeffler endocarditis).
- Order of common(ness):
- o M[R]>A>T>P!