• Archive for August, 2014

    Optic neuritis

    by  • 16/08/2014 • Ophthalmology

    Definition: is the inflammation of the optic nerve that may cause a complete or partial loss of vision. Classification / type of disease: Epidemiology: Young adults ranging from 18–45 years of age, with a mean age of 30–35 years. Strong female predominance. The annual incidence is approximately 5/100,000, with a prevalence estimated to be...

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    Thyroid eye disease

    by  • 12/08/2014 • Ophthalmology

    Definition: is an organ-specific idiopathic auto-immune disease. It is characterised by an active inflammatory orbital phase lasting months to years, followed by an ‘inactive’ fibrotic phase.It can be sight-threatening as acute progressive disease affects the optic nerve and cornea. Most patients with thyroid eye disease (TED) have clinical and/or biochemical evidence of hyper/hypothyroidism but...

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    Ptosis

    by  • 07/08/2014 • Ophthalmology

    Definition: a drooping of the upper or lower eyelid – which may worsen when the patient tires. Ptosis can lead to ambylopia (abnormal development of brain due to reduced stimulation during development) or astigmatism (inability to point focus an image onto the retina – often linked to irregular eye dimensions). Classification / type of...

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    Eye Lid Disease (blepharitis)

    by  • 04/08/2014 • Ophthalmology

    Definition: is an inflammation of the eyelids that involves the edges of the eyelids and eyelash hair follicles. Classification / type of disease:It may be classified as seborrhoeic, staphylocccal, mixed, posterior or meiobomitis, or parasitic Staphylococcal blepharitis: caused by infection of the anterior portion of the eyelid by Staphylococcal bacteria. As the infection progresses, the...

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    Watering eyes

    by  • 01/08/2014 • Ophthalmology

    Definition: Classification / type of disease: Epidemiology:Watering eyes (tears rolling onto your cheeks) can occur at any age, but is most common in young babies and in people over the age of 60. It can occur in one or both eyes. Presenting symptoms / signs: profuse watering Diagnostic investigations:only severe cases investigated – inject...

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