• Archive for December, 2013

    Psychopathology – Symptoms

    by  • 19/12/2013 • Psychiatry

    Delirium Dementia: “is a serious loss of cognitive ability (memory, attention, language, and problem solving) in a previously unimpaired person, beyond what might be expected from normal aging”. It may be static (fixed cognitive impairment), the result of a unique global brain injury, progressive (slow or fast depending on aetiology), resulting in long-term decline due to damage or disease in the body,...

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    by  • 18/12/2013 • Psychiatry

    Definition Pseudodementia is recognized in people with severe depression. Their apparent cognitive dysfunction is heavily affected by their lack of motivation.   2 Key questions to ask: Did low mood or poor memory come first? Answer is the mood disturbance precedes the cognitive impairment. Is the failure to answer questions due to lack of...

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    Bulimia Nervosa

    by  • 16/12/2013 • Psychiatry

    Definition:  an eating disorder characterized by restraining of food intake for a period of time followed by an over intake or binging period that results in feelings of guilt and low self-esteem. This cycle typically occurs several times a week although in serious cases can occur more. Classification / type of disease: There are two sub-types...

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    by  • 15/12/2013 • Psychiatry

    Definition:refers to excessive preoccupation or worry about having a serious illness. Hypochondriacs become unduly alarmed about any physical symptoms they detect, no matter how minor the symptom may be… these pts often experience depression and anxiety, which then produce physical symptoms that might be mistaken for signs of a serious medical disease (rapid heart...

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    Dissociative (Conversion) Disorders

    by  • 13/12/2013 • Psychiatry

    Definition:  is a condition in which patients present with neurological symptoms such as numbness, blindness, paralysis, or fits without a physiological cause. It is thought that these problems arise in response to difficulties in the patient’s life, and conversion is considered a psychiatric disorder in ICD-10 and DSM-4. *** It is important to note that the symptom or deficit is...

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    Pick’s Disease / Frontotemporal Dementia

    by  • 12/12/2013 • Psychiatry

    Definition:  is a rare neurodegenerative disease that is just one of the causes of the clinical syndrome known as frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Classification / type of disease: Epidemiology:  common cause of dementia in 55-65yo Presenting symptoms / signs:  associated more with the frontotemporal dementia and progressive nonfluent aphasia subtypes than the semantic dementia subtype. Additional signs/symptoms: Uncharacteristic impulsive behaviour Easily distractible Lack...

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    Lewy Body Disease

    by  • 11/12/2013 • Psychiatry

    Lewy bodies are are abnormal aggregates of protein that develop inside nerve cells in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and some other disorders. Classification / type of disease: There are two morphological types: Classical (brain stem) Lewy bodies are an eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusion that consists of a dense core surrounded by a halo of 10-nm wide radiating fibrils, the primary structural component of...

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    by  • 10/12/2013 • Psychiatry

    Definition:serious loss of cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person, beyond what might be expected from normal aging. ***Always consider the difficulties faced by caregivers for pts who have severe mental illness, or cognitive decline *** Classification / type of disease:     Epidemiology:  it is estimated that about 35 million people have dementia worldwide. They said...

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    Panic Disorder

    by  • 09/12/2013 • Psychiatry

    Definition:an anxiety disorder characterized by recurring severe panic attacks. The pt may then go on to have significant behavioural changes due to fear of having another panic attack. Classification / type of disease: Epidemiology: Tends to present in mid-20s Women twice as likely to develop Presenting symptoms / signs:   Intense episodes of extreme anxiety during panic attacks (last about...

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    Generalised Anxiety Disorder

    by  • 08/12/2013 • Psychiatry

    Definition:characterized by excessive, uncontrollable and often irrational worry about everyday things that is disproportionate to the actual source of worry *** it is very common to have comorbid depression alongside anxiety disorders such as GAD *** Classification / type of disease: Epidemiology: 3% of the popn suffer with GAD in their lives Median age...

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